A rich and varied flora enables different mammals, birds and reptiles (tortoises, lizards, six species of snakes, etc.) to live in the territory of Kursumlija. The main hunting – game species in this area are wild boars, rabbits and partridges.
Earlier, it was allowed to hunt does as well but, nowadays, due to their number, they are protected by a closed season. Other protected species are: deer, mouflons, squirrels, dormice, badgers, martens, musquashes, wild pigeons, turtledoves, pheasants, quails, wild geese, wild ducks, grey herons, grouses, moorhens, jays, hawks, mergansers, sparrows, grebes, curlews, woodcock etc.
The permanently protected species are: otters, ermines, weasels, owls, falcons, eagles, hawks (except goshawks), mergansers, black and white storks, swans, herons (except grey herons), hen harriers, cuckoos, rollers, kingfishers, hoopoes, wild geese, snipes, woodpeckers, songbirds (except grey crows, jays) etc.
The game outside the scope of protection are: wolves, jackals, wild cats, foxes, skunks, crows and magpies.
The Hunters’ Association “Soko” was established in 1899 as a shooting club, which was later transformed into the hunters association. There are 520 registered members, and it manages the hunting ground “Kosanica” with the total hunting area of 65 271ha. There are the following game in this hunting ground: does, wild boars, wolves, foxes, wild cats, rabbits, pheasants, partridges, ring doves and woodcocks.
The hunting grounds “Sumata”(18964ha) and “Sokolovica”(7075ha) are managed by the lumber camp “Toplica”, which does not have a membership, but it enables the members of the Hunters’ Association to hunt with paying a one – day permit. In 1987, within the area of the hunting ground “Sokolovica”, the shelter for mouflon game was founded on the area of 26ha, while in 1997 the breeding site called “Milos’s water” was established. In this breeding site, the European deer and wild boar are bred on the area of 466 ha. There are almost all objects needed for intensive game breeding and the game keeper’s house with accompanying economic building for stocking food for the game, processing trophies, a tool room, etc.
The Local Sport Fishermen’s Association “Toplica” in Kursumlija has 250 members: it is a member of the Community Sport Fishermen’s Association “South Morava II”, whose headquarters are in Nis. It was established in 1947 and it represents the oldest Sport Fishermen’s Association in the former SFR Yugoslavia. The mountain rivers are rich in fish such as trout and river crab, especially the Stavska, Trebinjska and Prolom rivers. During 2003, the Lukovo River, from Lukovo Spa to Mercez, was stocked with 9000 specimens of the brown trout.
The white fish (chub, gudgeon, barbel, common nase) live in the Toplica, Rankovica, Banjska , Kosanica and their tributaries (the Prolom and Ravnosortska rivers) as well as in the Grabovnicka and Spanacka (Tmavska) rivers.